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The Bartholin's glands are located on each side of the vaginal opening. They secrete fluid that helps lubricate the vagina. Sometimes the ducts of these glands become obstructed and fluid backs up, forming a cyst.
Chronic inflammation can lead to ductal obstruction from pus or thick mucus which in turn can result in retained secretions within the Bartholin glands. They are typically seen as rounded unilocular cysts lying at the posterior aspect of the vagina. Their location is at or below the level of the pubic symphysis best appreciated on coronal imaging.
Normally they are invisible. They make a small amount of fluid that lubricates the vaginal lips. If a flap of skin grows over the opening of one of the glands, the fluid backs up. It causes a round swelling called a cyst.
A cyst is a sac filled with liquid or semisolid material that forms under the skin or somewhere inside the body. The Bartholin's gland is one of two small glands on each side of the labia minora, just outside of the opening to the vagina. During sexual arousal, the Bartholin's gland releases a lubricating fluid.
The Bartholin glands — also called the greater vestibular glands — are a pair of glands, one on each side of the vagina. They secrete a fluid that lubricates the vagina. It is not uncommon for a duct opening from the gland to get blocked, causing fluid to build up in the gland, which results in swelling.
Bartholin gland cysts are mucus-filled sacs that can form when the glands located near the opening to the vagina are blocked. Cysts are usually painless, but if large, they can interfere with sitting, walking, and sexual intercourse. Doctors may create a permanent opening from the cyst to the outside or may surgically remove the cyst. Bartholin glands are very small, round glands that are located in the vulva on either side of the opening to the vagina.
Bartholin abscess is the buildup of pus that forms a lump swelling in one of the Bartholin glands. These glands are found on each side of the vaginal opening. A Bartholin abscess forms when a small opening duct from the gland gets blocked.