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It defines aircraft that are used for non-commercial, recreational purposes such as education or personal use. Under FAA regulations, if an individual builds at least 51 percent of an aircraft, the aircraft is eligible to be registered in the amateur-built category. They are available in kits where some of the airplane is already fabricatedor plans where the builder purchases or manufactures all the parts and assembles them.
Homebuilt aircraftalso known as amateur-built aircraft or kit planesare constructed by persons for whom this is not a professional activity. These aircraft may be constructed from "scratch", from plans, or from assembly kits. With some limitations, the builder s of the aircraft must have done it for their own education and recreation  rather than for profit.
Amateur-built aircraft can be built from scratch, based on original or established designs, or from a kit. If a kit is used, the builder must have completed the majority of the build for it to be considered an amateur-built aircraft. If they meet certain performance, weight and design limitations, they can be registered with a self-administering organisation.
This handbook is intended to provide guidance on the process required to obtain a special certificate of airworthiness for aircraft in the amateur-built category in Canada. In a nut shell, it documents the documentation process. This is probably the least fun part of building a plane and the most difficult to follow.
Installations are not restricted to approved aircraft engines. Type-approved engines shall be operated within all established certification limits. For non-type-approved engines, limits must be established by the applicant.
Experimental, or amateur-built, or homebuilt aircraft have become, in many cases, extraordinarily sophisticated machines; some rival or exceed the comfort, speed, range, and performance specifications of many factory-built airplanes. One big reason that amateur built planes have become so popular the fellow at the Experimental Aircraft Association told me 35, homebuilts are registered and presumably flying today is because one can get a terrific plane for a fraction of the cost of a new one. After all, the labor is free? Given that folks routinely have access to tools and equipment and knowledge that was not so readily available a generation ago, one can reasonably expect to build a plane at home, in a year or less.
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